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Mozambique, being a sought-after tourist and Holiday destination, offers a huge variety of accommodation in Mozambique, ranging from 5 star Holiday Resorts to Self catering cabins and backpackers - something to suit everyone's pocket. For the best Mozambique accommodation, take a browse through our Mozambique accommodation section for the wide variety in different towns
Mozambique has a wide range of accommodation to offer from budget B & B accommodation to up-market B&B's. Luxury hotel accommodation, holiday resorts, camping and self catering accommodation offers a wide variety for the tourist to Mozambique. Not to be ignored are also Casino, business and conferences venues - and any other lodging you care to think about! This is the ideal island for a romantic beach wedding - or just a family holiday venue with sea, sun and sand. Take a look at all that is on offer on our accommodation pages :
One of Southern Africa's major tourist destinations is Mozambique.
The Mozambique tourist travel industry is recovering and gaining it's rightful place as a prime tourist destination in South Eastern Africa, for tourists traveling and enjoying the pleasures of scuba diving sites, snorkeling, fishing,surfing and game fishing along this magnificent coastline, which stretches more than 2500 km's.See Lighthouses
This is where SCUBA DIVING ,snorkeling on coral reefs, deep sea fishing, shore fishing, surf fly fishing, surfing and kite surfing, enjoying the many dive sites, as well as soaking up sun filled beaches of white sands, are enjoyed as major tourist attractions. There are many dive schools and dive resorts to be found in Mozambique.
For the ultimate in scuba diving adventures, one can try: shark diving and wreck diving holidays, tropical reef diving, diving with the Great White shark and other shark species as well as with manta and eagle rays, whales, whale sharks, dolphins and turtles. Mozambique is unequalled. Mozambique is a prime tourist and travel destination in South Eastern Africa, for tourists enjoying the pleasures of scuba diving sites, snorkeling, fishing,surfing and game fishing along this magnificent coastline, which stretches more than 2500 km's. The coastline of Mozambique is a legendary tourist destinations making the Mozambique Coast the number one "Coastal holiday destination" for so many tourists.
Mozambique's sandy beaches, fringed with coconut palms, quite rightly regarded by tourists as some of the most beautiful beach resorts on the South Eastern Seaboard of Africa. Travel the coastline, from the Northern Quirimbas Archipelago south to the Bazaruto Archipelago,to Inhambane down to Inhaca and Ponta do Ouro, have legendary tourist destinations that make the Mozambique Coast the number one "Coastal holiday destination" for so many tourists and travelers.
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The Bazaruto Archipelago is without doubt the most popular and consists of four main islands, Bazaruto, Benguerra, Magaruque and the small island of Santa Carolina (Paradise Island). These islands lie about 20 - 35 kms off the coast from the town of Vilanculos and are only accessible by boat or by light aircraft.
The full range of water sports, like, scuba diving, skin diving,water skiing, all types of fishing from big game to surf fly fishing, swimming, or just soaking up the sun and relaxing can be enjoyed at the various resorts.
Island wildlife consists of fresh water crocodiles, samango monkeys some species of antelope and 180 species of birdlife.
Marine life includes Manta Rays, Dugongs (threatened with extinction), whales, turtles and dolphins and more than 2000 species of fish, including the largest fish, the whale shark.
Facilities are very limited. It is recommended that you bring your own medication in sufficient quantities for your stay and sterile needles and good first aid kits are strongly advised.
Emergency evacuation to South Africa, if necessary, will have to be paid cash up front.
Immunisation against hepatitis A, polio, tetanus and typhoid is recommended
Take plenty of sun block of a high factor and stay out of the midday sun.
Ensure that young children are suitably covered and protected against sunburn and sunstroke.
Insect reprellents such as Peaceful Sleep, Tabard and Citronella Oil are strongly advised. Also mosquito coils.
It is advisable to wear long sleeved shirts and light cotton longs on summer evenings
Cholera is endemic to Mozambique, especially during the rainy season.
Try to drink bottled water making sure that the seals are not broken otherwise boil any other water thoroughly.
Take strong hygiene measures for all food and drinking requirements.
The main symptoms of cholera are profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting, which in severe cases may lead to dehydration and death. Most outbreaks are related to contaminated drinking water, typically in situations of poverty, overcrowding, and poor sanitation.
Most travelers are at extremely low risk for infection. Cholera vaccine, where available, is recommended only for certain high-risk individuals, such as relief workers, health professionals, and those traveling to remote areas where cholera epidemics are occurring and there is
limited access to medical care. Precautions when buying foodstuffs from hawkers and vendors are vitally necessary
Malaria occurs all throughout Mozambique, right through the year.
Malaria is spread by the anopheles mosquito so prevention is of paramount importance.
Mosquito nets and repellents are strongly recommended after sundown.
Try to avoid being bitten by wearing clothing that covers the arms,legs and ankles and use repellant's on the exposed parts of your body as well as sleeping under mosquito nets.
Consult your doctor for the latest prophylactics especially with regard to resistant strains of the parasite.
When in malaria areas use effective DEET insect repellents (containing Diethyltoluamide)
Diving and snorkeling:
Mozambique is a fisherman's paradise. From big game fishing to surf fly fishing there is a destination to satisfy any sportsman.
The all-Africa record of a 590 kg (1300lb) Black Marlin was landed in 1998 off Bazaruto. The marlin season runs from September through to January. There are Blue Marlin, Stripped Marlin and Black Marlin (black marlin season from October to January) as well as Sailfish. The Sailfish season stretches from June until September. Numerous other game fish like tunny, cuda, mackeral, skipjacks, pompano, dorado, kingfish and numerous other species including sharks, can be caught.
Mozambique offers some of the most beautiful diving sites in the world.
It's crystal clear turquoise waters and coral reefs together with a treasure house of marine life make Mozambique one of the best diving venues in the world.
The clear waters and lack of crowds make the Mozambique Coast sought after as some of the world's best diving venues.
Mozambique is well known for delicious seafood treats, of prawns, crayfish and fruits amongst which are "Matata" (shrimp and peanut stew), "Frangoa Cafrial" (barbecued chicken), "Salada de Pera" (avocado salad) as well as their peri-peri dishes, so enjoyed by tourists to this holiday destination. There are many restaurants offering mouthwatering shellfish dishes for the many tourists to Mozambique - as well as many restaurants offering local delicacies: Take a look at where these restaurants are to be found:
Summer in Mozambique extends from October through to April. Summer is hot rainy and humid. Most of the rain occurs from January to March.
Winter extends from April to September.
Winter is dry and mild
Portuguese is the official language.
There are 17 languages spoken in Mozambique.
In the south:-Shangaan, Tswa and Ronga.
Central Mozambique:- Sena, Shona and Nyanja.
In the North:- Chuabo, Lomwe, Makonde, Makua and Yao
Some English is spoken but this is mainly confined to the southern areas where many tourists vacation.
Mozambique is two hours ahead of GMT, the same as South Africa and there is no daylight saving time changes.
Road Fuel and Rail
This is strongly recommended before entering Mozambique. If you are traveling in your own vehicle then third party insurance has to be paid at the border before entering Mozambique, R160,00 per vehicle.
3rd party insurance can be obtained at the Sasol Garage, Komatipoort just before the border. The company is Hollard Seguros;
Contact person Henry Paulse 082 824 8366
You should be aware of the occurrence of violent attacks on beaches in Mozambique at any time of day.
Since the start of 2005, there have been several serious attacks, some including rape, against tourist
and other western travelers walking on beaches at Maputo, Beira, Vilanculos, Inhambane, and other tourist centres. Beaches may look isolated and safe, especially on offshore islands but they are not policed. Much of the Mozambican population lives along the coast, even in remote areas.
Robbery, often using knives and firearms, is prevalent on the streets of Maputo, and is on the increase in other towns.
Use well-lit, populated streets, and avoid walking anywhere at night. If attacked do not resist.
There have been several incidents of bag snatching from tourists and thefts of unattended bags. Safeguard and avoid displaying valuables and cash. Deposit them in hotel safes, where practical. Keep notarised copies of your passport’s bio data pages and other important documents in a separate place to the documents themselves.
Vehicle theft, occasionally at gunpoint, can occur anywhere.
Avoid isolated picnic spots.
The official currency of Mozambique is the Metical. There are 100 cents to one Metical.
There is no restriction on how much foreign exchange one can bring into the country but one must be sure to declare what is brought in at the border in order to be able to take one's money out again on departure.
US dollars, British pounds and South African rands are accepted throughout most parts of Mozambique.
Cash is recommended for most monetary transactions, because, although travelers Cheques can be exchanged at banks, commissions are high.
There are nine commercial banks in Mozambique. The four biggest are:
BIM (Banco Internacional de Mocambique)
BCI (Banco Comercial e de Investimentos)
Most of the banks are concentrated in Maputo and not many branches are to be found throughout the country.
Credit cards are not widely accepted outside Maputo and the larger tourist hotels and restaurants.
ATMs are limited outside of Maputo and it is not recommended to rely on those anywhere but Maputo.
the mainstay of the economy and employs 80 per cent of the working population.
an important food source as well as for export. Manufactured products like processed foods, textiles, drinks, cement and fertilizer produce one quarter of GDP.
include coal, gemstones and marble salt and bauxite. Natural gas is extracted from onshore fields and piped to South Africa.
HISTORY; see also MAPUTO BAY AND SURROUNDS & MOZAMBIQUE HISTORY
The first inhabitants of Mozambique were of the Khoisani people, viz. San hunter gatherers. The Nguni (Bantu) people migrated southwards, from the north of Africa,crossing the Zambezi River valley, which was a major barrier, and down the coastal plain during the first millennium of the Christian era viz. the first to the fourth centuries AD. They then gradually spread into the plateau and coastal areas of South Eastern Africa.
This migration was mainly confined to the east of the 600mm rainfall line and they were farmers and herders as well being of the iron age, using metal tools and implements.
Today most of Mozambique's indigenous peoples are of this Nguni origin. Mozambique had an established Arab presence by the 10th century.
Coastal trade was at first dominated by Arabs and Persians, who had established settlements as far south as Mozambique Island. Mozambique was in fact named after the Arab sheik on Mozambique Island called "Musa Bin Biki" when Vasco de Gama first landed there in 1498. de Gama was the first European to reach Mozambique.
For several centuries, Arab commercial and slave trading had existed along the coast and outlying islands.
The Arabs traded with these Bantu-speaking people, mainly in ivory, gold and slaves, (Black Gold) supplied by kingdoms in the interior hinterland.
In time intermarriage between these two groups gave rise to Arab settlements and the Swahili culture which is still dominant in the Eastern African coastal areas down to northern Mozambique.
One of the oldest and most southerly of these trading groups, was the Kingdom of Mwene Mutapa (Monomatapo) with it's capital at Great Zimbabwe. These are the ancestors of the Shona people. This empire extended south from the Zambesi River incorporating the Save River down to the Limpopo River, and then eastwards to the coast. The main outlets to the sea were at Sofala, south of Beira and at Mozambique Island further north.
The Boers:- The Boer pioneers or Voortekkers left the Cape Colony to escape British rule and dominance. A series of parties left the Cape in 1835 in what became known as the Great Trek.
They reached The hinterland of Delagoa Bay, above the Drakensberg Escarpment in what is now South Africa, in 1838, and established the Boer Republics of the Transvaal.
In their determination to free of British influence they attempted to establish a route to the sea at Delagoa Bay.
One of the Voortrekker leaders Louis Trichardt,eventually reached the Bay after a strenuous and difficult journey, only to be stricken with fever where most of his party died. Further attempts by the Boers to build a road to Delagoa Bay, were blocked by the British and the Portuguese as the Portuguese were wary of doing anything that would lead to direct British involvement in Mozambique. MACMAHON OR 2M BEER
In 1869 however the Portuguese and the Boers signed a treaty which recognised Portuguese rights to Mozambique and agreed to the building of a road from the Transvaal Republic, through to Delagoa Bay.
Transport riders made the journey from Delagoa Bay to Barberton and Pilgrims Rest and later Pretoria by ox wagons, transporting vital supplies to the interior. They suffered many hardships, running the risks of malaria tsetse fly and lions.
The British contested this agreement on the grounds that in 1823 the British flag had been raised on the southern shores of the Bay and that Delagoa Bay had been an open port.
This land claim ended up in the lap of the French President, Marshal MacMahon, to rule on. MacMahon ruled in favour of the Portuguese in 1875 and one of Mozambique's beers, "2 M" or "Dos M" still bears his name. There was a square named in honor of him, Pracas dos MacMahon, which was changed to Pracas dos Trabalhadores (Worker's Square) at Independence.
The first European to reach Mozambique was Vasco da Gama after he had rounded the Southern tip of Africa in 1498. He had thus opened up the trade route from Europe to India. Portugal became the dominant trading power of the East Coast of Africa, by conquering the Arab trading settlements and it monopolised the Indian Ocean trading routes for two centuries until they were defeated by the Omani Arabs at the end of the 17th century.
The Portuguese made Mozambique Island their headquarters until they changed it to Delagoa Bay, which became Lourenco Marques and now Maputo in 1897. For further history of Delagoa Bay, Lourenco Marques and now MAPUTO, refer to "MAPUTO BAY AND SURROUNDS ".
The first Portuguese fort built in Mozambique was at Sofala to protect their gold trade route. A settlement was also built at Quelimane north of the Zambesi River. The Zambesi River became the main trade route with forts and trading posts at Tete and Sena on the banks of the river, trading for gold ivory and slaves in exchange for European trade goods, like beads and tools and cloths.
In the 1600s Portuguese traders and retired soldiers seized large areas of land in the Zambesi Valley and established what was known as Prazos or agricultural estates, using slave labour or forced local communities to supply workers. These "Prazeros" as they were known became very wealthy and dominated the area as independent powers for 300 years. The Prazos were stopped in the early 1900s.
Mozambique, formally also known as Portuguese East Africa, became a Portuguese colony in 1505, becoming an overseas province of Portugal in 1951.
Britain annexed the Transvaal in 1877 and this put the Portuguese Boer agreement into disarray. After the first Anglo Boer War of Independence, the Transvaal was restored to the Boers and the Zasm Eastern Line from Delagoa Bay to Pretoria, was completed in 1894
After the ZASM Eastern Line , had been officially opened on 8 July 1895, transport became safer, quicker and more profitable.
As a result of the economic development due to, diamonds being found at Kimberley in 1867 and gold in the Transvaal in 1869, Mozambique became a scource of cheap labour for the mining industries.
As a direct result of mining in South Africa and farming in Rhodesia(Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (Malawi), the Portuguese had shifted the administration of much of Mozambique, to large private companies, controlled and financed mostly by the British. These companies established more railroad lines, mainly in order to supply cheap Mozambican African labour to the mines and plantations of the nearby British colonies and South Africa.
Because policies were designed to benefit white settlers and the Portuguese homeland, little attention was paid to Mozambique's national integration, its economic infrastructure, or the skills of it's population causing major dissatisfaction amongst the indigenous Mozambican population.
The income derived from this cheap Mozambican labour, enabled Portugal to improve and maintain Mozambique's transport services and in fact this became the main revenue earner of the Mozambique Colony without commensurate benefits to the indigenous black population.
In 1917 there was a Shona rebellion and this became Mozambique's first major anti-colonial uprising.Many of the Portuguese military bases were overrun and it took 3 years for the authorities to restore order in Mozambique. Reforms which were long overdue were implemented in 1926 under a new dispensation in Portugal known as "Estado Novo".
After World War II, many European nations were granting independence to their colonies. Portugal however established Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Angola as Portuguese overseas provinces of the mother country, and emigration to the colonies soared. Mozambique's Portuguese population at the time of independence was about 250,000. Neither Portuguese citizens nor Indigenous Mozambicans had political rights, although Portuguese citizens were in a privileged class of their own.
"Indigenas", who were indigenous Mozambique citizens, could by certain provisions being fulfilled, become an "Assimilado". This meant that they could become a Portuguese citizen. One of the main conditions to be met was proper education. Educational opportunities in Mozambique were limited and few and far between so there were not many "Indigenas" who became "Assimilados"
The aspirations of the Black Mozambicans to rule themselves without having to become "Black Europeans" was not met, causing increasing dissatisfaction amongst them.
The desire for Mozambican independence gained pace, and in 1962 an assortment of anti-colonial political groups, under the leadership of Dr Eduardo Mondlane (educated in America) formed the "Frente de Libertacao de Mozambique" (FRELIMO) on 25 June 1962. Frelimo, based in Tanzania, began an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule in September 1964,and was soon in control of large parts of Northern Mozambique.
Dissension within Frelimo led to breakaway groups forming "Comite Revolucionario de Mozambique" (Coremo). In 1964. Mondlane was killed by a letter bomb in his offices in Dar es Salaam and in February 1969 Samora Machel took over as leader of Frelimo.
Ongoing guerilla wars began sapping Portugal's ability to maintain these costly wars. Following the 25 April 1974 coup in Lisbon, President Caetano fled to Brazil and a military junta under Gen. Antonio de Spinola became the government and Portuguese colonialism collapsed.
This resulted in a peace agreement in Mozambique on 7 September 1974 and the installation of a provisional government. Frelimo's Joaquim Chissano, was installed as prime minister of Mozambique.
Racial clashes occurred and resulted in a mass exodus of Portuguese citizens contributing to a major collapse of the economic infrastructure of Mozambique.
Sabotage of the railway line and pipeline to Zimbabwe resulted in the New Zimbabwean government having to send troops at great cost to themselves, to Mozambique to assist Mozambican forces to protect the Beira corridor.
Corruption, WRECKED INFRUSTRUCTURE, nationalization and economic mismanagement. resulted in Mozambique becoming the world's poorest country during this period.
During most of the civil war, the government was virtually powerless to control Mozambique outside of urban areas, many of which were cut off from the capital. An estimated 1 million Mozambicans were killed during the civil war, 1.7 million fled as refugees to neighboring states, and several million more were displaced internally. President Samora Machel conceded the failure of socialism during the third FRELIMO party congress in 1983, as well as the urgent need for major political and economic reforms.This he set out to attempt but on October 1986, Machel was killed, with some advisers, in a suspicious plane crash, close to the Mozambique border,inside South Africa. Joaquim Chissano became president in his place.
The collapse of the Soviet Union, Frelimo's strongest ally, as well as the un- banning of the ANC in South Africa led to peace talks being resumed in Mozambique in 1991.This resulted in an adoption of a new constitution and the beginning of peace negotiations between Frelimo and Renamo and the ending of one party rule in Mozambique in 1990. The word "People's" was eliminated from the country's name and Mozambique started on a long programme of recovery of it's economy and infrastructure.The deadly threat of landmines sown in rural areas during the civil war and their removal is a Herculean task, as well as being very costly in both human casualties and money.
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